People who experience homelessness often have intersecting health problems including poor mental and physical health and problem substance use (Hewett & Halligan 2010). The co-occurrence of these three problems has been termed ‘tri-morbidity’. Problem substance use is often a contributing factor to someone becoming homeless and accounts for over a third of deaths in homeless people (Crisis 2011). Engagement with treatment services, particularly those which expect abstinence, can be extremely challenging (Collins et al. 2016). While harm reduction approaches are recommended for those unlikely to achieve abstinence (Raistrick et al. 2006), there is virtually no specific guidance on how harms from problem substance use can be reduced for homeless people.  International models of care and housing provision exist but their relevance to Scotland has not been systematically explored. 


To address this gap we will create a dialogue on international, national and local best practices in this area and, most critically, on how we can work better together across sectors and disciplines to develop Scottish solutions. We will bring together a diverse group who have substantial knowledge of the issues to develop a nuanced understanding of the current position and how this can better inform policy and practice developments going forward.  

Programme Team

Dr Tessa Parkes, University of Stirling
Dr Fiona Cuthill
University of Edinburgh
Professor Isobel AndersonUniversity of Stirling
Dr Hannah Carver, University of Stirling
Dr Maria FotopoulouUniversity of Stirling
Professor Sarah JohnsenHeriot Watt University
Dave Liddell, OBE, Scottish Drugs Forum
Jason WallaceScottish Drugs Forum
Dr John BuddNHS Lothian
Dr Adam BurleyNHS Lothian
Dr Emma DoyleNHS Health Scotland

Final Report


There are no outputs listed for this programme.